Gaganyaan: India’s First Manned Space
Gaganyaan: India’s First Manned Space

Yes, you read it right. “Gaganyaan” is a new project of ISRO which is going to be launched in 2022.  As we all know that ISRO has been in news for its “Chaandryaan-2” project for 2 months, but now it’s in news for it’s another new project “Gaganyaan”. Do you want to know more about this project? Then keep reading the article till the end.

Let me tell you about the whole project. The first announcement of this project was made by Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his last Independence Day speech. 

Let’s talk what the project is all about.

“Gaganyaan” is India’s First Manned Space Flight Project on which ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) is planning to send three Indian Astronauts to space for seven days by 2022.  The object of this project is to carry a three-member crew to the low-earth orbit of 300-400 km and return them safely to a predefined destination on earth. The return journey is predicted to take 36 minutes.

The vehicle which will be used in Gaganyaan mission to take three crew members is GSLV-3 (Geo-Synchronous Launch Vehicle Mk 3) a three-stage rocket.

The estimated cost that is required for the Gaganyaan project is around Rs10, 000 Crore ($100 billion). This cost includes the cost of technology development, flight hardware realization and essential infrastructure elements.

First Meeting of Gaganyaan with National Advisory Assembly

The first meeting of Gaganyaan National Advisory Council was held at ISRO Headquarters, Bengaluru on June 8, 2019. This meeting was chaired by Dr. K Sivan, Secretary, Department of Space. This meeting was attended by many big personalities who contributed to the field of science and technology. These people include Dr. k kasturiranga (Advisor at ISRO), Dr. B N Suresh (Honorary professor), Dr. G Satheesh Reddy (Secretary defense, DRDO), Shri R Madhavan (Chairman and managing director at Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd.) and many more.

The presentation on the overall project of Gaganyaan was made by Dr. Unnikrishnan Nair, Director, Human Space Flight Center (HSFC), ISRO. During the presentation, he covered all the details and the collaboration with various national stakeholders. Many aspects of the Gaganyaan, especially the life support systems and crew selection and training were discussed in detail.

In the end, the council focused on the urgent need for further accelerating the efforts to realize Gaganyaan in a very demanding time frame of December 2021 amidst alarming challenges.

Former ISRO Chairman G Madhavan Nair said “Gaganyaan is going to be a major turning point and technologically all the ISRO centers are going to have big challenges before them…huge benefits to the country”.  

Collaboration with Russia to train Indian Astronauts.

Yes, it is right India is collaborating with Russia to train its Astronauts for the project. It is also because India and Russia have a strong bond of relationship in the field of space and technology in past decades. You might know that Russia’s Soyuz  T-11 took India’s first astronaut, Squadron Leader Rakesh Sharma to space in 1984 under the Interkosmos Programme. Sharma is now a member of the national advisory council (NAC) advising ISRO on Gaganyaan project.

ISRO Chief K Sivan said that astronauts’ selection and training, which will include establishments of some new facilities, will also take up a considerable amount of budget

Earlier, ISRO considered nations like the USA and France for the mission, said Sharma.

Let’s see what Sharma told The Times of India, “I think it’s logical to go with Russia as it has been tried and tested. We’ve used the facility before. However, I am unaware of the state of readiness of the other training establishments. Given the tight timelines we have, this appears most logical”. 

Final words.

In this final note, I just want to say that “Gaganyaan” would be a great project for India. With this project, India will be ranked as the fourth country (after the USA, France, and Russia) to send its astronauts to space. Indian scientist and Astronauts are working hard for this mission. ISRO will take trial in 2020 and 2021 by flying without astronauts before doing the manned mission. This is all about the Gaganyaan. We will let you know about this if any news related to this mission gets updated. Till then keep reading and get in touch with us for more updates.